Structure and expression of the glycoprotein gene of chandipura virus
- Additional Document Info
- View All
A cDNA copy of the mRNA for the glycoprotein G of Chandipura virus, a rhabdovirus, has been cloned, sequenced, and expressed in mammalian cells. The deduced amino acid sequence of G shows that the encoded protein is a typical transmembrane glycoprotein of 524 amino acids containing a cleavable amino-terminal signal peptide, two potential N-linked glycosylation sites, a hydrophobic membrane anchor domain near the carboxy terminus, and a cytoplasmic domain at the carboxy terminus. Somewhat unusual is the appearance of two charged amino acid residues, aspartate and arginine, within the putative membrane anchor sequence. Expression of the G gene in COS cells resulted in production of a glycosylated protein of mol wt 71,000 which was recognized by anti-Chandipura antibodies. Like the viral G protein, the expressed G contained covalently linked palmitic acid. However, unlike its vesicular stomatitis virus (Indiana serotype) counterpart, the Chandipura G protein has no potential palmitate-accepting cysteine residue within its cytoplasmic domain. Thus, the covalent attachment of fatty acid to this molecule may occur at one or both of the cysteines within the membrane anchor domain. The G protein was intracellularly transported to the cell surface and could induce cell fusion at low pH, showing that the expressed G protein was biologically active.
has subject area