Bovine serum transferrin phenotypes AA, D1D1, D2D2, EE: Their carbohydrate compositions and electrophoretic multiplicity
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Samples of homozygous bovine serum transferrins have been prepared and their purity has been ascertained by immunological techniques and electrophoretic analysis in SDS. Measurements of carbohydrate composition show that no significant differences exist among the phenotype variants AA, D1D1, D2D2, and EE. Chromatography of transferrin AA on DEAE-cellulose separated four subfractions, each of which corresponded well with one band obtained by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Carbohydrate analyses of the individual subfractions did not show significant differences in sialic acid, hexose, or hexosamine contents. After desialylation with neuraminidase, each subfraction was converted to a major band and a minor band on gel electrophoresis. From the relative band positions of the desialylated transferrins, it was concluded that possession of sialyl residued by bovine transferrin is not the primary cause of electrophoretic multiplicity. Rather, sialic acid masks an underlying heterogeneity which most likely resides within the polypeptide chain. Further characterization of this heterogeneity will best be undertaken with the isolated asialotransferrin subfractions.
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