Charge Properties of Mitochondrial Matrix Proteins
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Proteins of the rat liver mitochondrial matrix have been separated into anionic (acidic), cationic(basic), and neutral groups by electrophoresis. These groups represent 69, 8, and 23% of the total matrix protein, respectively, compared to 69, 21, and 10% for the cytosol protein. The acidic nature of the mitochondrial matrix proteins has been confirmed by cellulose ion-exhange chromatography, isoelectric focusing in sucrose gradients, and amino acid analysis. The anionic, cationic, and neutral matrix proteins were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis into 18, 6, and 5 bands, respectively, compared to 22 bands for the total fraction. The significance of the charge properties of these proteins in terms of mitochondrial biogenesis is discussed.
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