Mammalian mitochondrial transfer RNAs: chromatographic properties, size and origin
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Incubation of isolated rat liver mitochondria with radioactive amino acids resulted in the charging of tRNAs for arginine, asparagine, leucine, lysine, methionine, proline and valine. The aminoacyl-tRNAs were shown to be distinct from their cytosolic counterparts by chromatography on RPC-5. By electrophoresis on urea polyacrylamide slab gels it was found that all these mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNAs were about 70-76 nucleotides long. The unique mitochondrial asparaginyl- and prolyl-tRNAs, not previously identified in mammalian cells, were shown to hybridize to mtDNA. Mitochondrial leucyl-tRNA separated into 3 peaks on RPC-5 and the first species was shown to be different than a combination of the other two by molecular size and partial RNase T1 digestion patterns. Each was coded by a separate gene on mtDNA as shown by partial additivity of hybridization. Separate genes for mitochondrial tRNAMetm and tRNAMetf, separated by RPC-5 chromatography, were also demonstrated. These results bring to 21 the number of individual tRNAs coded by mammalian mtDNA.
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