Validated assays for the determination of gemcitabine in human plasma and urine using high-performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet detection
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Procedures are described for the determination of gemcitabine, a new anti-tumor agent, and its uridine metabolite in human plasma and in human urine. The sample preparation for the plasma assay involves precipitation of plasma proteins with isopropanol and ethyl acetate. Following this, the solids are discarded and the supernatant is evaporated to dryness. For the urine assay, the sample is diluted with methanol and evaporated to dryness. For both procedures, the residue is reconstituted in mobile phase prior to injection into a normal-phase (amino column) liquid chromatographic system followed by UV detection at 272 nm. The limits of quantitation for both compounds are 50 ng/ml in plasma and 20 micrograms/ml in urine. The procedures were used to provide pharmacokinetic data for both compounds in man following the intravenous administration of a 1000 mg/m2 dose of gemcitabine.
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