Improving serological test ordering patterns for the diagnosis of celiac disease through clinical laboratory audit of practice
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BACKGROUND: Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPG) from both adult medicine and pediatrics recommend tTG to screen for celiac disease (CD). DESIGN AND METHODS: Serological test orders for celiac disease were evaluated against the guidelines. Ordering physicians were categorized as gastroenterologists, immunologists, pediatricians, other hospital physicians and non-hospital physicians. Interventions based on initial audit were implemented, including interacting with physicians, revising test menu and changing test ordering policy. After implementation of interventions, test orders were re-evaluated. RESULTS: After corrective interventions celiac panel (CP) orders were decreased from 48.4% to 3.6% in children, and from 72.3% to 28.1% in adults. Physicians ordered tTG alone for more than 90% of children. In adults the ordering of tTG alone was significantly increased from 7.2% to 61.3% (from 8.9% to 63.9% for gastroenterologists and from 8.1% to 44.4% for other physicians (p<0.05)). CONCLUSIONS: The audit reduced the CPG-practice gap that existed in the screening of CD.
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