Inflammation and oxidant-stress in  -thalassemia patients treated with iron chelators deferasirox (ICL670) or deferoxamine: an ancillary study of the Novartis CICL670A0107 trial Journal Articles uri icon

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  • BACKGROUND: We assessed whether oxidant-stress and inflammation in beta-thalassemia could be controlled by the novel oral iron chelator deferasirox as effectively as by deferoxamine. DESIGN AND METHODS: Forty-nine subjects were enrolled from seven sites and studied at baseline, and after 1, 6, and 12 months of therapy. Malondialdehyde, protein carbonyls, vitamins E and C, total non-transferrin bound iron, transferrin saturation, C-reactive protein, cytokines, serum ferritin concentration and liver iron concentration were measured. RESULTS: Liver iron concentration and ferritin declined significantly in both treatment groups during the study. This paralleled a significant decline in the oxidative-stress marker malondialdehyde (deferasirox -22%/year, deferoxamine -28%/year, average decline p=0.006). The rates of decline did not differ between treatment groups. Malondialdehyde was higher in both treatment groups than in a group of 30 non-thalassemic controls (p < 0.001). The inflammatory marker high-sensitivity C-reactive protein decreased significantly only in the group receiving deferasirox (deferasirox -51%/year, deferoxamine +8.5%/year, p = 0.02). This result was confounded by a chance difference in the level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein between the two groups at baseline, but analyses controlling for this difference suggested an equally large treatment effect. CONCLUSIONS: Iron chelation therapy with deferoxamine or with deferasirox was equally effective in decreasing iron burden and malondialdehyde. The possible differential effect of the two chelators on inflammation warrants further investigation.


  • Muraca, Giulia
  • Walter, PB
  • Macklin, EA
  • Porter, J
  • Evans, P
  • Kwiatkowski, JL
  • Neufeld, EJ
  • Coates, T
  • Giardina, PJ
  • Vichinsky, E
  • Olivieri, N
  • Alberti, D
  • Holland, J
  • Harmatz, P

publication date

  • June 1, 2008