Location of two contact sites between human smooth muscle caldesmon and Ca(2+)-calmodulin.
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We measured Ca(2+)-calmodulin binding to expressed human caldesmon fragments by three techniques: tryptophan fluorescence enhancement, change in fluorescence of TA-calmodulin, and cosedimentation with calmodulin-Sepharose. Ca(2+)-calmodulin bound with similar affinity to peptide M73 (C714SMWEKGNVFSSPGF727, N terminus of domain 4b), to all the fragments of caldesmon containing this peptide, and also to H9 (Thr726-Val793), which did not contain this peptide (Kd = 0.2-0.8 microM). We conclude that Ca(2+)-calmodulin binds at two sites on caldesmon; site A is the sequence 715MWEKGNVFS723 previously identified by Zhan et al. (Zhan, Q., Wong, S. S., and Wang, C.-L.A. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 21810-21814), and site B is located nearer the C terminus of caldesmon. Ca(2+)-calmodulin binding at site B is coupled to reversal of caldesmon inhibition of actin-tropomyosin activated myosin MgATPase, while calmodulin binding at site A has no detectable function. H9 did not displace M73 from Ca(2+)-calmodulin, while the other fragments did. High concentrations of M73 (> 1000 x Kd) could not displace H9 bound to Ca(2+)-calmodulin-Sepharose. Thus sites A and B in calmodulin are functionally separate. Analysis of overlapping expressed fragments indicates that site B is located in the sequence Thr726-Leu767, which includes Trp749. The minimal Ca(2+)-calmodulin binding sequence could be 744SRINEWLTK752.
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