Comparative efficacy of dietary treatments on renal function in rats with sub-total nephrectomy: renal polyunsaturated fatty acid incorporation and prostaglandin excretion.
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The efficacy of dietary intervention with either 6% protein restriction, fish oil or safflower oil was assessed in the remnant nephron model. Female Munich Wistar rats were prefed for one week prior to 5/6 nephrectomy and followed for the ensuing 28 days. Fish oil, safflower oil and protein restriction prevented the gammaglobulinuria but only fish oil lessened the albuminuria in this model. The remnant nephrons of the fish oil treated rats contained less arachidonic acid and greater quantities of eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acid than the safflower oil or lab chow fed control rats. The fish oil, and to a lesser extent the safflower oil, treated animals had a higher ratio of 6 keto PGF1 alpha to TX B2 metabolites in their urine. We suggest these changes may be responsible for the lessening in urine protein excretion. Fish oil feeding was more effective than severe protein restriction or safflower oil dietary supplementation in lessening both the gammaglobulinuria and albuminuria of the remnant nephron model.
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