Real-time three-dimensional fetal echocardiography - optimal imaging windows Academic Article uri icon

  • Overview
  • Research
  • Identity
  • Additional Document Info
  • View All


  • A total of 15 fetuses were scanned using 2-D array volumetric ultrasound (US). Acquired cardiac data were converted for rendering dynamic 3-D surface views and reformatting cross-sectional views. The image usefulness was compared between the data obtained from subcostal/subxiphoid and other imaging windows; the former are usually free of acoustic shadowing. Of 60 data sets recorded, 12 (20%) were acquired through subcostal windows in 6 (40%) patients. Subcostal windows were unavailable from the remaining patients due to unfavourable fetal positions. Of the 12 sets, 6 (50%) provided the dynamic 3-D and/or cross-sectional views of either the entire fetal heart or a great portion of it for sufficient assessments of its major structures and their spatial relationships. Of 48 data sets from other windows, only 9 (19%) provided such 3-D and/or cross-sectional views; the lower rate being due to acoustic shadowing. Real-time 3-D US is a convenient method for volumetric data acquisition. Through subcostal windows, useful information about the spatial relationships between major cardiac structures can be acquired. However, to offer detailed information, considerable improvement in imaging quality is needed.


  • Deng, Jing
  • Sullivan, Ian D
  • Yates, Robert
  • Vogel, Michael
  • Mcdonald, Daren
  • Linney, Alfred D
  • Rodeck, Charles H
  • Anderson, Robert H

publication date

  • September 2002