Automatic and Continuous Assessment of ERPs for Mismatch Negativity Detection
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Accurate and fast detection of event related potential (ERP) components is an unresolved issue in neuroscience and critical health care. Mismatch negativity (MMN) is a component of the ERP to an odd stimulus in a sequence of identical stimuli which has good correlation with coma awakening. All of the previous studies for MMN detection are based on visual inspection of the averaged ERPs (over a long recording time) by a skilled neurophysiologist. However, in practical situations, such an expert may not be available or familiar with all aspects of evoked potential methods. Further, we may miss important clinically essential events due to the implicit averaging process used to acquire the ERPs. In this paper we propose a practical machine learning approach for automatic and continuous assessment of the ERPs for detecting the presence of the MMN component. The proposed method is realized in a classification framework. Performance of the proposed method is demonstrated on 22 healthy subjects through a leave-one subject-out strategy where the MMN components are identified with about 93% accuracy.
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