Polymer-grafted starch microparticles for oral and nasal immunization.
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Microparticle delivery systems for oral vaccine administration are receiving considerable attention. A novel silicone polymer-grafted starch microparticle system was developed that is efficacious both orally and intranasally. Unlike most other microparticle systems, this novel system does not appear to retard the release of antigen or to protect antigen from degradation. The results indicate that a unique physiochemical relationship occurs between protein antigen and silicone in a starch matrix that facilitates the mucosal immunogenicity of antigen. This leads to predominance of Th2 antibody response. Taken together, these findings indicate that this novel microparticle system may be advantageous for the delivery of small quantities of antigen, especially intranasally, and may be useful for the induction of oral tolerance.
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