Noninvasive Markers of Oxidative DNA Stress, RNA Degradation and Protein Degradation Are Differentially Correlated With Resting Metabolic Rate and Energy Intake in Children and Adolescents
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Urinary excreted RNA and DNA catabolites are used as noninvasive markers for metabolic processes: 8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) potentially represents oxidative stress to DNA/deoxyribonucleotidetriphosphate pool, modified ribonucleoside pseudouridine (psi) originating mainly from degraded rRNA and tRNA reflects RNA turnover. Modified amino acid gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) stems from degraded proteins reflecting turnover of proteins. Aim of the present study was to investigate (44 healthy males, 3-18 y) how excretion rates of 8-oxodG, psi, and Gla are related to resting metabolic rate and energy intake. Excretion rates of 8-oxodG (pmol/kg/d), psi (micromol/kg/d), and Gla (micromol/kg/d) were significantly correlated with resting metabolic rate (kJ/kg/d): r = 0.108 (p = 0.029), 0.691 and 0.552 (p < 0.0001), respectively. Excretion rates of 8-oxodG, psi, and Gla were also significantly correlated with energy intake (kJ/kg/d): r = 0.108 (p = 0.036), 0.602 and 0.462 (p < 0.0001). 8-oxodG and Gla excretion was significantly correlated with psi excretion: r = 0.174 (p = 0.005) and 0.709 (p < 0.0001). These results indicate close relationships between whole-body RNA and protein degradation and metabolic rate. The relationship between 8-oxodG excretion and metabolic rate, however, is less strong suggesting that factors other than metabolic rate considerably affect the oxidative stress to DNA.
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