Acalculous cholecystitis associated with cytomegalovirus and sclerosing cholangitis in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
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Intra- and extrahepatic bile-duct strictures, papillary stenosis and acalculous cholecystitis have all been described in ill patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Acalculous cholecystitis associated with cytomegalovirus (CMV), Cryptosporidium or Campylobacter organisms has typically been described in critically ill or moribund patients. The authors report a case of acute acalculous CMV cholecystitis in a 28-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain. The patient was infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) but was ambulatory and had had no AIDS-defining illness. The patient did not have any well-recognized risk factors for acalculous cholecystitis, showing that this entity can occur in relatively healthy HIV-infected patients as well as in the terminal stages of AIDS. The diagnosis should be considered when such a patient presents with abdominal pain. Furthermore, this patient had sclerosing cholangitis of the intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts as well as papillary stenosis. The cause of the acalculous cholecystitis was presumed to be CMV, but the disease progressed despite therapy with foscarnet.
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