Diagnostic properties of transbronchial biopsy in lung transplant recipients who require mechanical ventilation Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • INTRODUCTION: Bronchoscopy with transbronchial biopsy (TBBx) and bronchoalveolar lavage is useful and safe for diagnosing acute rejection and infection in lung transplant recipients. However, its role is less well defined in determining the etiology of allograft dysfunction in the setting of respiratory failure necessitating mechanical ventilation. METHODS: We retrospectively identified 41 mechanically ventilated patients with respiratory failure in whom 42 TBBx were followed within a 10 day period by surgical lung biopsy (SLBx) to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of TBBx compared with SLBx. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of TBBx for all episodes of acute rejection and for significant episodes of acute cellular rejection were 53.3% and 36.0%; 91.7% and 94.1%; 94.1% and 90.0%; 44.0% and 50.0%, respectively. A significantly higher histologic grade was noted on SLBx compared with TBBx specimens obtained within a 10-day period (2.39 +/- 1.02 vs 0.97 +/- 0.11, p

publication date

  • March 2003