- Forty-four patients with Takayasu's disease were investigated by digitised intravenous angiography (DIVA) during a diagnostic and pretherapeutic work up (N = 29) or at surgery (N = 15); the aim of this retrospective study was to assess the role of DIVA in the investigation of this condition. The patients were 36 women, 6 men and 2 children; the average age was 31 years. The intravenous injections were performed in a central vein in 74% and in a peripheral vein in 26% of patients; the average amount of contrast medium injected was 140 ml per investigation (32 g of iodine %). Depending on the site of the lesions, the distribution of the 43 successfully investigated patients was as follows: Type I: 13 (20%), Type II: 6 (14%), Type III: 12 (28%), Type IV: 12 (28%). In the group of patients managed medically (N = 14) no other angiographic investigations were considered. In the group with an indication for surgery or percutaneous angioplasty (N = 15), the procedure was carried out without further angiography in 13 cases; in 2 patients the imaging of the distral vessels was inadequate and complementary angiography was required. All postoperative controls (N = 15) but one were satisfactory. These results show that DIVA is sufficiently reliable for it to be considered as an investigation of first intent in patients with suspected Takayasu's disease. The investigation is well tolerated and can be repeated when necessary to determine the optimal time for surgery. Arterial angiography should seem only to be indicated when the venous approach has failed, which was rare in this series.