Normal laryngeal CT findings after supracricoid partial laryngectomy.
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Supracricoid horizontal partial laryngectomy (SCPL) is increasingly used to treat endolaryngeal carcinoma. However, few radiologic reports of these procedures exist. Our purpose was to evaluate the normal CT appearance of the neolarynx after surgery. METHODS: SCPL includes cricohyoidopexy (CHP), cricohyoidoepiglottopexy (CHEP), and tracheocricohyoidoepiglottopexy (TCHEP). We examined CT scans obtained from 18 patients without local superficial recurrence who underwent SCPL: 10, CHEP; seven, CHP; and one, TCHEP. Three reference sections were used to analyze the main surgical reconstruction: an upper section through the hyoid bone, a lower section through the cricoid cartilage, and a middle section in between. The distance between the hyoid bone and cricoid cartilage was measured. RESULTS: The epiglottis and valleculae were visible in the upper section in seven of 10 patients who underwent CHEP; this finding allowed distinction between CHEP and CHP. The arytenoids were depicted in 13 of 18 cases and reflected neolaryngeal shortening. The lower section showed the empty cricoid lumen lined by a thin mucosa; the anterior arch of the cricoid was amputated at TCHEP. The middle section showed the neovestibule, the lateral boundaries of which were the hypertrophic neoaryepiglottic folds; the anterior limit was the epiglottis for CHEP or the base of the tongue for CHP. The average distance between the hyoid bone and cricoid cartilage was 11 mm. CONCLUSION: Normal CT anatomy of the larynx after SCPL is defined. Three key sections may accurately distinguish the various types of SCPL. CT is a valuable tool for depicting tumor recurrence, especially when the tumor is submucosal.
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