cDNA clones encoding the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump isoform PMCA1 were obtained from rabbit stomach smooth muscle. The PMCA1 gene has a 154 base exon which can be alternatively spliced. In splices containing 0, 87 or 114 bases of this exon, the mRNA downstream from this position encodes a protein containing the peptide sequence Lys-Arg-Asn-Ser-Ser (KRNSS), which can be phosphorylated by cyclic-nucleotide-sensitive protein kinase. However, in those splices containing 154 bases, the mRNA encodes a protein that does not contain this sequence. The cDNA clone obtained in this study did not contain the latter exon, and thus it coded for KRNSS. The presence of the various splices of PMCA1 was determined in stomach smooth muscle and other tissues by reverse transcription followed by a polymerase chain reaction. Percentage of transcripts encoding the potentially cyclic-nucleotide-sensitive isoform in various tissues were as follows: liver, 100%; stomach mucosa, 100%; heart, 100%; stomach smooth muscle, 86%; aorta, 83%; brain, 55%. Thus brain was the only tissue which expressed a very high proportion of the isoform of PMCA1 that is insensitive to cyclic-nucleotide-dependent protein kinases.