The Dependence of the Plasmon Field Induced Nonradiative Electronic Relaxation Mechanisms on the Gold Shell Thickness in Vertically Aligned CdTe−Au Core−Shell Nanorods
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The dependence of the plasmon field enhancement of the nonradiative relaxation rate of the band gap electrons in vertically aligned CdTe-Au core-shell nanorods on the plasmonic gold nanoshell thickness is examined. Increasing the thickness of the gold nanoshell from 15 to 26 nm is found to change the decay curve from being nonexponential and anisotropic to one that is fully exponential and isotropic (i.e., independent of the nanorod orientation with respect to the exciting light polarization direction). Analysis of the kinetics of the possible electronic relaxation enhancement mechanisms is carried out, and DDA simulated properties of the induced plasmonic field of the thin and thick gold nanoshells are determined. On the basis of the conclusions of these treatments and the experimental results, it is concluded that by increasing the nanoshell thickness the relaxation processes evolve from multiple enhancement mechanisms, dominated by highly anisotropic Auger processes, to mechanism(s) involving first-order excited electron ejection process(es). The former is shown to give rise to nonexponential anisotropic decays in the dipolar plasmon field of the thin nanoshell, while the latter exhibits an exponential isotropic decay in the unpolarized plasmonic field of the thick nanoshell.