- We studied the subcellular localization of carnosinase (EC 184.108.40.206) in rat liver. The liver homogenate was fractionated by differential centrifugation into a nuclear (N), a mitochondrial (M), a lysosomal (L), a microsomal (P) and a soluble (S) fraction. The purity of different subcellular fractions was established by using different markers. The carnosinase activity in different fractions was measured by fluorometric determination of L-histidine produced using carnosine as a substrate. The intracellular distribution of carnosinase was very similar to that of lactate dehydrogenase with the highest relative specific activity of enzyme being observed in the soluble fraction. These results indicate that carnosinase enzyme is primarily located in the soluble (cytoplasmic) fraction of rat liver.