IS10 transposase mediates excision and integration reactions in Tn10/IS10 transposition. Mutations in IS10 transposase that specifically block integration have previously been identified; however, the mechanism by which these mutations block integration has not been established. One approach to defining the basis of this block is to identify ways in which the original defect can be corrected. The approach we have taken toward this end has been to isolate and characterize intragenic second site suppressors to two different integration-defective mutants. Of the second site suppressors identified, one, CY134, is of particular interest for two reasons. First, it suppresses at least seven different mutations that confer an integration-defective phenotype. Interestingly, these mutations map in two separate segments of transposase, designated patch I and patch II. Second, CY134 on its own has previously been shown to relax the target DNA sequence requirements for Tn10 integration. We provide evidence that suppression by CY134 is not simply a consequence of this mutation conferring a general "transposition up" phenotype, but rather is due to correcting the original defect. Possible mechanisms of suppression for both CY134 and other second site suppressors are considered.