Feline immunodeficiency virus vectors persistently transduce nondividing airway epithelia and correct the cystic fibrosis defect Academic Article uri icon

  •  
  • Overview
  •  
  • Research
  •  
  • Identity
  •  
  • Additional Document Info
  •  
  • View All
  •  

abstract

  • Several problems limit the application of gene transfer to correct the cystic fibrosis (CF) Cl(-) transport defect in airway epithelia. These include inefficient transduction with vectors applied to the apical surface, a low rate of division by airway epithelial cells, failure of transgene expression to persist, and immune responses to vectors or vector-encoded proteins. To address these issues, we used a feline immunodeficiency virus-based (FIV-based) vector. FIV vector formulated with a calcium chelator transduced fully differentiated, nondividing human airway epithelia when applied to the apical surface. FIV-based vector encoding the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator cDNA corrected the Cl(-) transport defect in differentiated CF airway epithelia for the life of the culture (>3 months). When this approach was applied in vivo, FIV vector expressing beta-galactosidase transduced 1-14% of adult rabbit airway epithelia. Transduced cells were present in the conducting airways, bronchioles, and alveoli. Importantly, gene expression persisted, and cells with progenitor capacity were targeted. FIV-based lentiviral vectors may be useful for the treatment of genetic lung diseases such as CF. This article may have been published online in advance of the print edition.

authors

  • Wang, Guoshun
  • Slepushkin, Vladimir
  • Zabner, Joseph
  • Keshavjee, Shafique
  • Johnston, Julie C
  • Sauter, Sybille L
  • Jolly, Doug J
  • Dubensky, Thomas W
  • Davidson, Beverly L
  • McCray, Paul B

publication date

  • December 1, 1999