Impact of Human Interleukin-10 on Vector-Induced Inflammation and Early Graft Function in Rat Lung Transplantation
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This study was undertaken to examine the time course of human interleukin (hIL)-10 gene expression after transtracheal administration of adenoviral (Ad)hIL-10 and its effect on the early adenoviral proinflammatory cytokine response and on post-transplant lung function. Using a rat lung transplant model, we observed that lungs retrieved 12 h after the administration of AdhIL-10 were associated with significant improvement in post-transplant lung function. Shorter periods of transfection were associated with significantly elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and macrophage inflammatory protein-2 in lung tissue, leading to an increased degree of injury. The release of proinflammatory cytokines secondary to the adenoviral vector was reduced by high-dose methylprednisolone (30 mg/kg) administered 3 h before transfection. Reduction in the early adenoviral inflammatory response was associated with significant improvement in post-transplant lung function when lungs were retrieved 6 or 12 h after transtracheal administration of AdhIL-10. Transtracheal administration of adenoviral-mediated hIL-10 to donor lungs is associated with a significant early inflammatory response that may enhance ischemia-reperfusion injury if insufficient hIL-10 is expressed in lung tissue before retrieval. The period between delivery of AdhIL-10 and lung retrieval can be reduced if the early inflammatory response is suppressed with methylprednisolone.
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