Transbronchial administration of adenoviral-mediated interleukin-10 gene to the donor improves function in a pig lung transplant model
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Interleukin-10 (IL-10) gene transfection of donor lungs prior to transplantation is an attractive strategy to reduce ischemia-reperfusion induced lung injury. However, experimental data with gene therapy in large animal models of lung transplantation are generally lacking. We have developed a simple clinically applicable technique for adenoviral-mediated gene delivery of human IL-10 to the lung of large animals that provides homogenous gene expression after 12-24 h of transfection. Using this technique of gene delivery, we have studied the dynamics of adenoviral gene delivery to the lung in the setting of lung transplantation. Although there is a persistent inflammatory response to the adenoviral vector, we achieved significant expression of human IL-10 in lung tissue before lung retrieval to obviate the deleterious impact of the adenoviral vector on the donor lung. The administration of adenoviral-mediated human IL-10 to the donor lung reduced ischemia-reperfusion injury and improved graft function after lung transplantation in this pig lung transplantation model. Transfection of adenoviral-mediated human IL-10 to the donor lung prevented the release of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 in lung tissue and plasma. We have demonstrated that IL-10 gene therapy has significant potential to prevent or treat the inflammatory response associated with ischemia-reperfusion injury in lung transplantation. In the future, IL-10 gene therapy could also be used for immunomodulation or tolerance induction.
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