The potential of nanoscale combinations of self-assembling peptides and amino acids of the Src tyrosine kinase inhibitor in acute lung injury therapy
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Many newly discovered therapeutic agents require a delivery platform in order to translate them into clinical applications. For this purpose, a nanoscale formulation strategy was developed for the Src tyrosine kinase inhibitor PP2. The formulation utilizes the combination of the self-assembling peptides (EAK16-II) and amino acids to minimize the use of the toxic organic solvent DMSO; hence, the biocompatibility of the PP2 nanoformulations was significantly improved. They were found to be non-hemolytic and safe for intravenous and intratracheal administration; the formulations did not alter PP2 activity in Src inhibition on cultured cells. The PP2 nanoformulation was further evaluated on a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury mouse model. Results revealed that the pretreatment of PP2 nanoformulation could decrease the inflammatory cell infiltration and the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-α production in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid after LPS stimulation. The promising therapeutic efficacy and the formulation strategy developed in this work may help further translate PP2 and other hydrophobic therapeutic agents into clinical applications.
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