Risk Factors for Voriconazole Hepatotoxicity at 12 Weeks in Lung Transplant Recipients
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Voriconazole is commonly used for prophylaxis and treatment of invasive aspergillosis in lung transplant recipients. However, the use of voriconazole may at times be limited by the development of hepatotoxicity. Our goal is to determine predictors of voriconazole-associated hepatotoxicity in lung transplant recipients. We conducted a single center retrospective cohort study of lung transplant recipients from 2006 to 2010 who received voriconazole therapy. We compared characteristics of patients who developed hepatotoxicity and those who did not. One hundred five lung transplant recipients received voriconazole. Hepatotoxicity occurred in 51% (54/105) of patients and lead to discontinuation in 34% (36/105). In univariate analysis, age less than 40 years, cystic fibrosis, use of azathioprine, history of liver disease and early initiation of voriconazole were associated with hepatotoxicity. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, perioperative initiation of voriconazole (within 30 days of transplantation) was independently associated with hepatotoxicity (OR 4.37, 95% CI: 1.53-12.43, p = 0.006). The five risk factors identified in the univariate analysis were used to build a K-nearest neighbor algorithm predictive model for hepatotoxicity. This model predicted hepatotoxicity with an accuracy of 70%. Voriconazole therapy initiated within the first 30 days of transplantation is associated with a greater risk of developing hepatotoxicity.
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