An Integrated Nanotechnology-Enabled Transbronchial Image-Guided Intervention Strategy for Peripheral Lung Cancer
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Early detection and efficient treatment modality of early-stage peripheral lung cancer is essential. Current nonsurgical treatments for peripheral lung cancer show critical limitations associated with various complications, requiring alternative minimally invasive therapeutics. Porphysome nanoparticle-enabled fluorescence-guided transbronchial photothermal therapy (PTT) of peripheral lung cancer was developed and demonstrated in preclinical animal models. Systemically administered porphysomes accumulated in lung tumors with significantly enhanced disease-to-normal tissue contrast, as confirmed in three subtypes of orthotopic human lung cancer xenografts (A549, H460, and H520) in mice and in an orthotopic VX2 tumor in rabbits. An in-house prototype fluorescence bronchoscope demonstrated the capability of porphysomes for in vivo imaging of lung tumors in the mucosal/submucosal layers, providing real-time fluorescence guidance for transbronchial PTT. Porphysomes also enhanced the efficacy of transbronchial PTT significantly and resulted in selective and efficient tumor tissue ablation in the rabbit model. A clinically used cylindrical diffuser fiber successfully achieved tumor-specific thermal ablation, showing promising evidence for the clinical translation of this novel platform to impact upon nonsurgical treatment of early-stage peripheral lung cancer. Cancer Res; 76(19); 5870-80. ©2016 AACR.
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