Late First-Trimester Invasive Prenatal Diagnosis: Results of an International Randomized Trial Journal Articles uri icon

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  • OBJECTIVE: To assess, in a randomized trial, the safety and accuracy of amniocentesis and transabdominal chorionic villus sampling (CVS) performed at 11-14 weeks of gestation, given that this time frame is increasingly relevant to early trisomy screening. METHODS: We compared amniocentesis with CVS from 77 to 104 days of gestation in a randomized trial in a predominantly advanced maternal age population. Before randomization, the feasibility of both procedures was confirmed by ultrasonography, and experienced operators performed sampling under ultrasound guidance; conventional cytogenetic analysis was employed. The primary outcome measure was a composite of fetal loss plus preterm delivery before 28 weeks of gestation in cytogenetically normal pregnancies. RESULTS: We randomized 3,775 women into 2 groups (1,914 to CVS; 1,861 to amniocentesis), which were comparable at baseline. More than 99.6% had the assigned procedure, and 99.9% were followed through delivery. In contrast to previous thinking, in the cytogenetically normal cohort (n = 3,698), no difference in primary study outcome was observed: 2.1% (95% confidence interval 1.5, 2.8) for CVS and 2.3% (95% confidence interval, 1.7, 3.1) for amniocentesis. However, spontaneous losses before 20 weeks and procedure-related, indicated terminations combined were increased in the amniocentesis group (P =.07, relative risk 1.74). We found a 4-fold increase in the rate of talipes equinovarus after amniocentesis (P =.02) overall and in week 13 (P =.03, relative risk = 4.65), but data were insufficient to determine this risk in week 14. CONCLUSION: Amniocentesis at 13 weeks carries a significantly increased risk of talipes equinovarus compared with CVS and also suggests an increase in early, unintended pregnancy loss. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: I


  • Philip, J
  • Silver, RK
  • Wilson, RD
  • Thom, EA
  • Zachary, JM
  • Mohide, Patrick Thomas
  • Mahoney, MJ
  • Simpson, JL
  • Platt, LD
  • Pergament, E
  • Hershey, D
  • Filkins, K
  • Johnson, A
  • Shulman, LP
  • Bang, J
  • MacGregor, S
  • Smith, JR
  • Shaw, D
  • Wapner, RJ
  • Jackson, LG

publication date

  • June 2004

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