PYY: a neuropeptide in the canine enteric nervous system
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This study re-examined the anatomical locations of PYY in the canine gastrointestinal tract. Immunohistochemical studies with two relatively selective PYY antisera demonstrated PYY-LI immunoreactivity in nerve cell bodies and nerve fibres in the intestinal and gastric myenteric plexus and the intestinal submucosal plexus and in nerve fibres of the intestinal deep muscular plexus. Immunoreactive PYY-LI was also present in ileal endocrine cells. All PYY-LI immunoreactivity was completely abolished by pre-incubation of the antibodies with synthetic PYY but was unaltered by pre-incubation with synthetic NPY. Individual synaptosomal preparations obtained from canine intestinal and gastric myenteric plexus, and intestinal deep muscular plexus and submucous plexus, contained considerable quantities of PYY-LI which, on reverse-phase HPLC, co-eluted with a synthetic canine/porcine PYY standard. In contrast, isolated myenteric ganglia from rat and guinea pig did not contain detectable amounts of PYY-LI. These studies demonstrate that PYY is not confined to distal intestinal endocrine cells in the dog but is also an enteric neuropeptide with maximal concentrations being present in the intestinal myenteric plexus.
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