Organ Injuries Associated with Femoral Fractures
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OBJECTIVE: To determine if motor vehicle collisions (MVCs) resulting in femoral fractures were associated with a different injury severity and pattern of injury compared with crashes in which victims did not sustain femoral fractures. METHODS: Retrospective review of seriously injured motor vehicle occupants admitted to a regional trauma unit (Hamilton General Hospital) during a 69-month period (April 1991 to December 1996) for whom detailed crash details were known. RESULTS: Data for 733 motor vehicle occupants with Injury Severity Scores greater than 12 were available; 112 occupants (15.3%) sustained femoral fractures, and 621 occupants (84.7%) did not sustain femoral fractures. Victims with femoral fractures had a significantly higher mean Injury Severity Score (29.4 compared with 25.3 for non-femoral fracture group; p<0.001). The femoral fracture group had a higher incidence of bowel (p<0.012) and hemopneumothorax (p<0.02) injuries as well as an increased incidence of upper and lower extremity (p<0.001) and pelvic (p<0.05) fractures. CONCLUSION: The presence of a femoral fracture is strongly associated with the pattern and severity of injuries sustained by occupants in MVCs. A high index of suspicion is warranted in identifying associated organ injuries in MVC victims with concomitant femoral fractures.
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