There is a paucity of information on whether peritoneal dialysis (PD) slows the decline of residual kidney function (RKF) compared to the natural slope of RKF decline prior to dialysis start. Our aim was to analyze the RKF decline before and after initiating PD, and to determine the principal factors affecting this decline during the PD period.
We determined individual glomerular filtration rates (GFR) for approximately 12 months before and after PD in 77 new PD patients in a large academic medical center (2008 – 2012). The GFR was estimated by the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation in the predialysis period and by averaging 24-hour urine creatinine and urea clearances in the PD period. The rate of RKF decline was calculated using unadjusted linear regression analysis. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to compare RKF decline before and after PD initiation. Multivariate linear regression was used to identify independent risk factors for RKF decline in the PD phase.
A significantly slower mean rate of RKF decline was observed in the PD period compared with the predialysis period (-0.21 ± 0.30 vs -0.59 ± 0.55 mL/min/1.73 m2/month, p < 0.01). Higher baseline RKF, higher serum phosphate, and older age were independently associated with faster decline of RKF (all p < 0.01).
In patients with advanced chronic kidney disease, initiating PD was associated with a slower rate of RKF decline compared to the rate in the predialysis period.