Modulatory effects of estrogen in two murine models of experimental colitis
- Additional Document Info
- View All
The association between oral contraceptives or pregnancy and inflammatory bowel disease is unclear. We investigated whether 17beta-estradiol modulates intestinal inflammation in two models of colitis. Female mice were treated with 17beta-estradiol alone or with tamoxifen, tamoxifen alone, 17 alpha-estradiol, or placebo. Dinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (DNB)- or dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis were assessed macroscopically, histologically, and by myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. Malondialdehyde and mRNA levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and interleukin-13 (IL-13) were determined. In DNB colitis, 17beta-estradiol alone, but not 17beta-estradiol plus tamoxifen, or 17 alpha-estradiol reduced macroscopic and histological scores, MPO activity and malondialdehyde levels. 17beta-Estradiol also decreased the expression of ICAM-1, IFN-gamma, and IL-13 mRNA levels compared with placebo. In contrast, 17beta-Estradiol increased the macroscopic and histological scores compared with placebo in mice with DSS colitis. These results demonstrate anti-inflammatory and proinflammatory effects of 17beta-estradiol in two different models of experimental colitis. The net modulatory effect most likely reflects a combination of estrogen receptor-mediated effects and antioxidant activity and may explain, in part, conflicting results from clinical trials.
has subject area