Since the advent of biologic therapies for psoriasis, reports of efficacy in nail psoriasis have appeared in the literature and at international conferences with increasing frequency.
This article aims to review the existing literature on the use of biologics in the treatment of nail psoriasis.
An extensive literature review was conducted using OVID Medline. Studies examining the efficacy of biologics in the treatment of nail psoriasis were documented.
A literature review revealed few clinical trials specifically concentrating on nail psoriasis; however, nails have been assessed in larger clinical trials for cutaneous psoriasis. A large, multicenter, phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of infliximab administered as a brief induction regimen at weeks 0, 2, and 6 followed by a single infusion every 8 weeks revealed statistically significant mean percent improvement in the Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) score over placebo at both week 10 (26.8% vs −7.7%, respectively; p < .001) and week 24 (57.2% vs −4.1%, respectively; p < .001). For other biologics, evidence has thus far been largely anecdotal, appearing as either case studies or extracted secondarily from open-label prospective trials in plaque psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis.
Infliximab appears to be the most effective treatment for nail psoriasis to date.