Nail Psoriasis and Biologics Academic Article uri icon

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abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Since the advent of biologic therapies for psoriasis, reports of efficacy in nail psoriasis have appeared in the literature and at international conferences with increasing frequency. OBJECTIVE: This article aims to review the existing literature on the use of biologics in the treatment of nail psoriasis. METHODS: An extensive literature review was conducted using OVID Medline. Studies examining the efficacy of biologics in the treatment of nail psoriasis were documented. RESULTS: A literature review revealed few clinical trials specifically concentrating on nail psoriasis; however, nails have been assessed in larger clinical trials for cutaneous psoriasis. A large, multicenter, phase III, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of infliximab administered as a brief induction regimen at weeks 0, 2, and 6 followed by a single infusion every 8 weeks revealed statistically significant mean percent improvement in the Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) score over placebo at both week 10 (26.8% vs -7.7%, respectively; p < .001) and week 24 (57.2% vs -4.1%, respectively; p < .001). For other biologics, evidence has thus far been largely anecdotal, appearing as either case studies or extracted secondarily from open-label prospective trials in plaque psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis. CONCLUSION: Infliximab appears to be the most effective treatment for nail psoriasis to date.

publication date

  • January 2009