Transvaginal ultrasound scanning in early pregnancy and correlation with human chorionic gonadotropin levels Academic Article uri icon

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  • Pregnancy can be detected early using transvaginal ultrasonography and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) measurements. The purpose of this study was to correlate serum hCG levels with transvaginal gestational sac measurements. The mean sac diameter (MSD) and gestational sac diameter (GSD) were calculated as the mean and cube root of the product, respectively, of three sac dimensions taken at right angles. A nonlinear relationship between hCG (natural logarithm) and MSD and GSD was observed. The data were best fitted by a second order polynomial regression model (r2 = 0.98), thereby establishing normal hCG levels for various gestational sac dimensions in early pregnancy.


  • Daya, Salim
  • Woods, Sheila
  • Ward, Susan
  • Lappalainen, Ray
  • Caco, Chris

publication date

  • March 1991