Knowledge gained following Neonatal Resuscitation Program courses.
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BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the knowledge gained and retained by family practice residents who participated in the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) course. METHODS: Knowledge attainment and its retention was assessed by the administration of pre-, post-, and 6-month follow-up tests using the standard NRP written examination. Twenty-nine residents from the Department of Family Medicine at McGill University completed the pretests and posttests, and 10 of these completed the follow-up tests. The data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance and Student's t tests. RESULTS: The average score was 60.6% (n = 29) for pretest, 90.7% (n = 29) for posttest, and 75.4% (n = 10) for the follow-up test. A significant improvement was shown in posttest examination scores when compared to pretest scores and in the follow-up test scores when compared to pretest scores. No significant difference existed between the posttest and follow-up test scores. However, small sample size may have prevented detection of significant differences. Further, follow-up scores for some subjects had fallen to below the level required to pass the course. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that participation in an NRP course significantly increased knowledge of neonatal resuscitation by family practice residents, but that knowledge may decrease over time.
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