Inhibition of human IgE synthesis by anti-IgE antibodies requires divalent recognition
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We used a selection of well-characterized murine monoclonal anti-IgE antibodies to investigate their effect on human in vitro IgE synthesis. We found anti-IgE antibodies that either inhibited or enhanced interleukin-4 plus anti-CD40-induced in vitro IgE synthesis in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). This differential activity was isotype specific as neither IgM nor IgG synthesis were affected. Interestingly, only coding IgE mRNA was down-regulated, whereas germ-line epsilon RNA expression was not influenced by anti-IgE monoclonal antibody (mAb). On purified B cells all anti-IgE mAb inhibited interleukin-4 plus anti-CD40-induced IgE synthesis, implying a role of non-B cells for the enhancing activity observed in PBMC. Using Fab and F(ab')2 of an inhibitory anti-IgE mAb we could show that divalent recognition was required for inhibition of IgE synthesis.
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