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abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Combined endoscopic-laparoscopic surgery is a novel technique that can be used to avoid bowel resection for complex colon polyps that are not amenable to colonoscopic resection. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and outcomes of combined endoscopic-laparoscopic surgery for complex colonic polyps. DESIGN: This study is a retrospective review of consecutive combined endoscopic-laparoscopic surgeries. SETTING: This study was conducted at a single institution. PATIENTS: All patients that underwent combined endoscopic-laparoscopic surgery for a complex colonic polyp at our center from October 2009 to October 2013 were followed. Each patient's lesion was assessed by a therapeutic endoscopist before referral for combined endoscopic-laparoscopic surgery, and was deemed unresectable based on size, broad base, or location of the polyp. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Intraoperative and postoperative complications, length of hospital stay, and recurrence were the primary outcomes measured. RESULTS: Thirty consecutive patients underwent combined endoscopic-laparoscopic surgery. Twenty (66.7%) patients underwent laparoscopic-assisted colonoscopic polyp excision (10 of these excisions were facilitated by Endoloop placement at the polyp base), 9 (30%) patients underwent colonoscopic-assisted laparoscopic cecectomy, and 1 (3.3%) patient was converted from a colonoscopic-assisted laparoscopic cecectomy to a laparoscopic ileocolic resection. The median length of hospital stay was 2 days (range, 1-16). Twenty-nine (96.7%) of the final pathology results were benign, with 10 (33.3%) showing high-grade dysplasia. One (3.3%) final pathology result was positive for a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma. This patient subsequently underwent a laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and chemotherapy for node-positive disease. One (3.3%) patient experienced a recurrent benign polyp at the previous excision site, which was removed by colonoscopy. The time to detection of recurrence was 274 days. LIMITATIONS: This study looked at a small group of patients, over a short follow-up period. However, all consecutive patients were captured, and there were no losses to follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Combined endoscopic-laparoscopic surgery for complex benign colonic polyps is a safe procedure, with good clinical outcomes and low recurrence rates.

authors

  • Crawford, Alyson B
  • Yang, Ilun
  • Wu, Robert C
  • Moloo, Husein
  • Boushey, Robin P

publication date

  • March 2015