A Scoping Review of the Use of Theory in Studies of Knowledge Translation
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BACKGROUND: Advancing the science of knowledge translation (KT) in occupational therapy is critical. Explicit application of theory can advance this science; yet, how theory is applied and the degree to which it can guide research remain poorly defined. PURPOSE: To understand how theory is applied within KT research. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to examine and summarize the extent, range, and nature of the application of three specific KT theories: Diffusion of Innovations, Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework, and Theory of Planned Behaviour. FINDINGS: Theory use was seen most frequently in medicine and nursing. Only 3 of 90 articles were in rehabilitation. Five approaches to theory application were found, the most common being the use of to predict success of KT (57/90). IMPLICATIONS: In-depth study of the importance and methods of theory application in KT research is needed, in particular in occupational therapy.
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