Interleukin (IL)-5 but Not Immunoglobulin E Reconstitutes Airway Inflammation and Airway Hyperresponsiveness in IL-4–Deficient Mice
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We studied the role of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and allergen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig) E in the development of allergen-induced sensitization, airway inflammation, and airway hy-perresponsiveness (AHR). Normal, IL-4-, and IL-5-deficient C57BL/6 mice were sensitized intraperitoneally to ovalbumin (OVA) and repeatedly challenged with OVA via the airways. After allergen sensitization and airway challenge, normal and IL-5-deficient, but not IL-4-deficient, mice developed increased serum levels of total and antigen-specific IgE levels and increased IL-4 production in the lung tissue compared with nonsensitized control mice. Only normal mice showed significantly increased IL-5 production in the lung tissue and an eosinophilic infiltration of the peribronchial regions of the airways, whereas both IL-4- and IL-5-deficient mice had little or no IL-5 production and no significant eosinophilic airway inflammation. Associated with the inflammatory responses in the lung, only normal mice developed increased airway responsiveness to methacholine after sensitization and airway challenge; in both IL-4- and IL-5-deficient mice, airway responsiveness was similar to that in nonsensitized control mice. Reconstitution of sensitized, IL-4-deficient mice before allergen airway challenge with IL-5, but not with allergen-specific IgE, restored eosinophilic airway inflammation and the development of AHR. These data demonstrate the importance of IL-4 for allergen-driven airway sensitization and that IL-5, but not allergen-specific IgE, is required for development of eosinophilic airway inflammation and AHR after this mode of sensitization and challenge.
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