Ingesting yeast extract causes excitation of neurogenic and myogenic colonic motor patterns in the rat Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractFermented foods play a significant role in the human diet for their natural, highly nutritious and healthy attributes. Our aim was to study the effect of yeast extract, a fermented substance extracted from natural yeast, on colonic motility to better understand its potential therapeutic role. A yeast extract was given to rats by gavage for 3 days, and myogenic and neurogenic components of colonic motility were studied using spatiotemporal maps made from video recordings of the whole colon ex vivo. A control group received saline gavages. The yeast extract caused excitation of the musculature by increasing the propagation length and duration of long‐distance contractions, the major propulsive activity of the rat colon. The yeast extract also evoked rhythmic propulsive motor complexes (RPMCs) which were antegrade in the proximal and mid‐colon and retrograde in the distal colon. RPMC activity was evoked by distention‐induced neural activity, but it was myogenic in nature since we showed it to be generated by bethanechol in the presence of tetrodotoxin. In conclusion, ingestion of yeast extract stimulates rat colon motility by exciting neurogenic and myogenic control mechanisms.


  • Li, Hongfei
  • Ji, Yanzhao
  • Luo, Hesheng
  • Huizinga, Jan
  • Chen, Ji‐Hong

publication date

  • May 2024