A Colorimetric Biosensing Platform with Aptamers, Rolling Circle Amplification and Urease‐Mediated Litmus Test Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractHere we report on an ultra‐sensitive colorimetric sensing platform that takes advantage of both the strong amplification power of rolling circle amplification (RCA) and the high efficiency of a simple urease‐mediated litmus test. The presence of a target triggers the RCA reaction, and urease‐labelled DNA can hybridize to the biotinylated RCA products and be immobilized onto streptavidin‐coated magnetic beads. The urease‐laden beads are then used to hydrolyze urea, leading to an increase in pH that can be detected by a simple litmus test. We show this sensing platform can be easily integrated with aptamers for sensing diverse targets via the detection of human thrombin and platelet‐derived growth factor (PDGF) utilizing structure‐switching aptamers as well as SARS‐CoV‐2 in human saliva using a spike‐binding trimeric DNA aptamer. Furthermore, we demonstrate that this colorimetric sensing platform can be integrated into a simple paper‐based device for sensing applications.


  • Chang, Dingran
  • Li, Jiuxing
  • Liu, Rudi
  • Liu, Meng
  • Tram, Kha
  • Schmitt, Natalie
  • Li, Yingfu

publication date

  • December 18, 2023