Investigation of the impact of rotor shaping on the torque and radial force harmonics of a V‐shape interior permanent magnet synchronous machine Journal Articles uri icon

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  • AbstractThis paper introduces a technique aimed at improving the performance of an interior permanent magnet synchronous machine (IPMSM) by reducing torque ripple and radial force harmonics. Unlike conventional IPMSMs, the proposed method employs a variable airgap length that is defined by a mathematical function. Two distinct rotor shapes are investigated to determine the most efficient design. Finite Element Analysis is employed to assess both the electromagnetic and mechanical attributes of the proposed motors. It compares the results for three operating points of the shaped motor with those of a conventional one. The investigation delves into the influence of rotor geometry on key output parameters, including Back Electromotive Force (back‐EMF) harmonics, average torque, cogging torque, torque ripple, efficiency, power factor, and radial force harmonics. The findings indicate that optimising rotor shape can significantly enhance IPMSM performance by reducing torque ripples and radial force harmonics, while simultaneously increasing average torque and efficiency at different operating points.


  • Masoumi, Moien
  • Tsao, Alex
  • Abeyrathne, Charitha
  • Sahu, Ashish
  • Bilgin, Berker

publication date

  • February 2024