International Survey of the Management of Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation Among Pediatric and Neonatal Health Care Practitioners Journal Articles uri icon

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  • The International Society of Thrombosis and Hemostasis (ISTH) provides objective disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) measurement through diagnostic criteria validated in adults. The applicability of these criteria in pediatric and neonatal DIC is controversial and unvalidated. Primary objective: to evaluate current practice in pediatric and neonatal DIC management among different specialties. Secondary objective: to understand the potential impact of developmental hemostasis on DIC laboratory evaluation. We performed a multicenter survey between January and September 2016. The questionnaire was distributed internationally through professional societies. In all, 211 responses were received, of which 160 were full responses and 51 were partial. Overall, 85% of respondents practiced in tertiary academic centers; 70% practiced in pediatric-only hospitals. The majority of respondents (42%) used their personal clinical experience in the management of DIC. Sixty percent of respondents treated DIC until the resolution of both clinical and laboratory parameters. Laboratory investigations were monitored in the majority of DIC cases without thrombosis or bleeding (80%); age-specific reference ranges for tests were lacking in 20% of pediatric-only hospitals and 35% of combined pediatric/adult hospitals. Adherence to standardized DIC guidelines was poor but varied by geographical location. This survey reveals variable practices among pediatricians in the management of DIC. Further studies are needed to validate the DIC diagnostic criteria in children.


  • Solh, Ziad
  • Rajagopal, Revathi
  • Thachil, Jecko
  • Chan, Anthony
  • Monagle, Paul

publication date

  • August 2023