Long-term outcomes following Dor, Toupet, and Nissen fundoplication: a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
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BACKGROUND: In the surgical management of GERD, the traditional procedure is laparoscopic total (Nissen) fundoplication. However, partial fundoplication has been advocated as providing similar reflux control while potentially minimizing dysphagia. The comparative outcomes of different approaches to fundoplication are a topic of ongoing debate and long-term outcomes remain uncertain. This study aims to compare long-term gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) related outcomes following different fundoplication procedures. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, and CENTRAL databases were searched up to November 2022 to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing different types of fundoplications reporting long-term (> 5 years) outcomes. The primary outcome was incidence of dysphagia. Secondary outcomes included incidence of heartburn/reflux, regurgitation, inability to belch, abdominal bloating, reoperation, and patient satisfaction. DataParty, which uses Python 3.8.10 was used to perform the network meta-analysis. We evaluated the overall certainty of evidence with the GRADE framework. RESULTS: 13 RCTs were included, with 2063 patients across Nissen (360°), Dor (anterior 180°-200°), and Toupet (posterior 270°) fundoplications. Network estimates demonstrated that Toupet had lower incidence of dysphagia compared to Nissen (OR 0.285; 95% CrI 0.06-0.958). There were no differences in dysphagia between Toupet and Dor (OR 0.473, 95% CrI 0.072-2.835) or between Dor and Nissen (OR 1.689, 95% CrI 0.403-7.699). The three fundoplication types were comparable in all other outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: All three approaches of fundoplication share similar long-term outcomes, with the Toupet fundoplication likely providing the best long-term durability with lowest odds of developing postoperative dysphagia.
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