Breastfeeding Outcome and Complications in Females With Breast Implants: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Journal Articles uri icon

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  • Abstract Breast augmentation is a commonly performed cosmetic procedure. We set out to determine whether there was any effect on breastfeeding in females after breast implants. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the current evidence on breastfeeding outcome and complications in females with breast augmentation. A systematic review was performed utilizing MEDLINE, EMBASE, and all evidence-based medicine reviews from their respective inception dates to November 7, 2022, to assess outcomes of breastfeeding in females with breast implants (PROSPERO ID: CRD42022357909). This review was in accordance with both the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Review of Interventions and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. Eleven studies (4 prospective and 7 retrospective) in total were included in the review. A total of 8197 out of 9965 (82.25%) patients were successfully able to breastfeed after breast implants. Of 5 studies that included a control group, 343,793 of 388,695 (88.45%) women without breast implants successfully breastfed. A meta-analysis of 5 comparative studies showed a significant reduction of breastfeeding in females with breast implants, n = 393,686, pooled odds ratio = 0.45 (95% CI, 0.38 to 0.53). Complications described included pain, mastitis, insufficient or excessive lactation, and nipple inversion. There may be impairment in ability to breastfeed for females who receive breast implants when compared with those without. Additional studies on the topic are needed to further clarify the relationship.


  • Chen, Jeffrey
  • Zhu, Xi Ming
  • Huynh, Minh NQ
  • McRae, Mark

publication date

  • June 14, 2023