Age, Retirement and Expenditure Patterns: An Econometric
Study of Older Canadian Households
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The paper explores the allocation of consumption expenditure by
the older population among different categories of goods and services,
and how expenditure patterns change with age within that population. Of
particular interest is whether observed differences between pre-
retirement and post-retirement patterns are a consequence of changes in
"tastes" or reductions in income. An adapted form of the Deaton and
Muellbauer Almost Ideal Demand System is estimated with data from
six Family Expenditure Surveys and used to investigate that question.
The findings suggest that observed changes in budget allocations are
most closely related to reductions in income.