Treatment of Calcified Lesions Using a Dedicated Super-High Pressure Balloon: Multicenter Optical Coherence Tomography Registry
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BACKGROUND: Calcified lesions often lead to difficulty achieving optimal stent expansion. OPN non-compliant (NC) is a twin layer balloon with high rated burst pressure that may modify calcium effectively. METHODS: Retrospective, multicenter registry in patients undergoing optical coherence tomography (OCT) guided intervention with OPN NC. Superficial calcification with > 180o arc and > 0.5 mm thickness, and/or nodular calcification with > 90o arc were included. OCT was performed in all cases before and after OPN NC, and after intervention. Primary efficacy endpoints were frequency of expansion (EXP) ≥80 % of the mean reference lumen area and mean final EXP by OCT, and secondary endpoints were calcium fractures (CF), and EXP ≥90 %. RESULTS: 50 cases were included; 25 (50 %) superficial, and 25 (50 %) nodular. Calcium score of 4 in 42 (84 %) cases and 3 in 8 (16 %). OPN NC was used alone, or after other devices if further modification was needed, NC in 27 (54 %), cutting in 29 (58 %), scoring in 1 (2 %), IVL in 2 (4 %); or if non-crossable lesion, rotablation in 5 (10 %) cases. EXP ≥80 % was achieved in 40 (80 %) cases with mean final EXP post intervention of 85.7 % ± 8.9. CF were documented in 49 (98 %) cases; multiple in 37 (74 %). There were 1 flow limiting dissection requiring stent deployment and 3 non-cardiovascular related deaths in 6 months follow-up. No records of perforation, no-reflow or other major adverse events. CONCLUSION: Among patients with heavy calcified lesions undergoing OCT guided intervention with OPN NC, acceptable expansion was achieved in most cases without procedure related complications.
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