Nitric oxide mediates the inhibitory effect of ethanol on the motility of isolated longitudinal muscle of proximal colon in rats
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The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of ethanol on colon motility in rats and to test the possibility that nitric oxide (NO) mediates this effect. Proximal colon longitudinal muscle strips (LM) (8 x 3 mm) cut parallel to the longitudinal muscle fibres of the colon were isolated and mounted in an organ bath. Ethanol (0.57, 0.87 and 1.30 mmol L(-1)) dose-dependently inhibited the motility of LM. Longitudinal muscle strips from female rats were more sensitive to the inhibitory effect of ethanol than that from male rats. L-NAME (N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester) (100 micromol L(-1)), AG (aminoguanidine) (10 micromol L(-1)), ODQ (1H-[1,2,4]Oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one) (10 micromol L(-1)) and PTIO (2-Phenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl 3-oxide) (200 micromol L(-1)) partly blocked the inhibitory effect of ethanol on LM. Pretreatment with L-NAME, AG, ODQ and PTIO abolished the sex difference of the inhibitory effect of ethanol on LM. Tetrodotoxin (TTX) (10 micromol L(-1)) partly blocked the inhibitory effect but did not influence the sex difference. The relaxation of LM induced by SNP (sodium nitroprusside) (0.1-10 micromol L(-1)) in female rats was greater than that in male rats. In conclusion, ethanol inhibited the colon motility in vitro. This inhibitory effect on LM was mediated by NO through the iNOS - NO - cGMP pathway.