Artifactual echoes in B-mode images due to multiple scattering
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In B-mode images, echoes, which appear to arise from inherently anechoic regions due to scattering from neighbouring echogenic regions, can be considered artifactual. We have observed multiple scatter contributions to such artifactual echoes in images of plane boundaries between random scattering phantoms and anechoic regions. For the strongest scattering phantom studied, multiple scatter echoes were 3-9% of the average phantom signal using two sharply focused transducers, an annular array in pulse echo mode, and an annular array/cone hybrid. Multiple scatter was less than 5% for a conventional transducer. Echo amplitudes were also measured in normal excised human liver and breast tissue. It was estimated that artifactual echoes due to multiple scatter would be negligible in B-mode images of liver. However, for breast imaging, the level of artifactual echoes was estimated to be similar to that found for our strongest scattering phantom.
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