Frequency-domain near-infrared photo diffusion imaging: Initial evaluation in multitarget tissuelike phantoms
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In this paper, an initial evaluation of our finite element based frequency-domain image reconstruction algorithm is performed for experiments where multiple millimeter-sized heterogeneities are embedded within a tissue-equivalent (optically) background medium having multicentimeter dimensions. The cases considered consist of several interesting geometry and optical property contrast combinations including (i) two different-sized targets with the same contrast at three different separation distances; (ii) two different-sized targets with different contrasts at two different separation distances; and (iii) three targets with the same and different sizes and contrasts, respectively. The reconstruction algorithm that has been used is an enhanced version of our originally developed regularized least squares approach that now includes total variation minimization, dual meshing, and spatial low-pass filtering. Quantitative measures of image quality including the size, location, and shape of the embedded heterogeneities along with errors in their recovered optical property values are presented. The results show that multiple targets can be clearly detected for all combinations of locations, sizes, and contrast levels considered, but the quantitative nature of this detection is influenced by these parameters.
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